Yukon is the westernmost and smallest territory present in Canada. The capital city of the region is Whitehorse, and significant Yukon population lives in the Capital. Moreover, the largest city and Metro is the Whitehorse and Whitehorse metro. Yukon has the very least population in Canada on comparing other provinces and territory. Initially, the Yukon territory was a part of Northwest Territories, but in 1898 it was separated into a new region.
First Nations people have a long account of living in the areas of Yukon. Numerous Athabaskan tribes lived the coastal and basins of Yukon. Many of the archaeological evidence also prove their existence. Few carbon dating studies goes back to 25,000 years. During 800 AD, the entire region is covered by the volcanic ash of mount Churchill. Later by the 19th Europeans started their exploration in northern Canada. As of the 1870s, the fur and gold are main traded items. The gold search is one of the reasons for increasing territory population.
Before the arrival of Europeans, Russians were the first people to trade with the indigenous people of Yukon during the 18th century. One of the famous gold mine in the 18th century is Klondike Gold mines.
The current population of the Yukon is about 40,333 individuals. The expected number of people at the end of 2019 (Q2) is 40,208. The Yukon territory ranks 13th in Canada based on the total population. Moreover, The population density of the region is about 0.08/km2. This territory has 0.10% of Canada’s population. Furthermore, The capital city has the highest population of about 25,085 people. Moreover, other significant communities with a larger population are Dawson, Watson Lake, and Haines Junction.
Comparing the past decade, the population has increased by 5%. The main reasons for the increase in the community are the birth rate, immigration and internal migration. More than 3000 people come to Yukon as an immigrant. A total of 7,400 people come to this territory as a result of domestic immigration.
The Ethnic people living in this territory are English, North American First Nations, Scottish, Canadian, Irish, German, French, Ukrainian, Dutch, and Norwegian. Among the total population, 85% of people Canadian born and 24% are an Aboriginal origin.
The total area of the Yukon territory is about 482,443 km2 in which the water covers an area of about 8,052 km2. The land occupies the remaining space of approximately 474,391 km2. Based on the total area, Yukon ranks 9th in Canada and has 4.8% of the country’s territory.
The U.S state of Alaska borders the western and northwest part of Yukon. British Columbia and Northwest Territories border the southern and eastern part. The Beaufort Sea borders the entire northern boundary of the territory.
The official languages spoken by the Yukon people are English and French. Most of the government department and Universities follow the English language. The government highly recognizes the First Nations languages for a social purpose.
Moreover, 82% of people have English as their mother tongue. People of Yukon also speak the languages of English (82.9%), French (4.3%), German (2.4%), Tagalog (1.3%), Kaska (0.8%), Northern Tutchone (0.6%), Spanish (0.5%), Southern Tutchone (0.4%), Dutch (0.4%), and Chinese (0.4).
The major industries which promote the economy are mining, tourism, fishing, hydroelectricity, and manufacturing. The essential mined elements are gold, zinc, lead, silver, copper, and asbestos. Next important industry is tourism, which attracts people from all over the world. Tourism in Yukon highly relies on beautiful places, and fun activities include skiing, hunting, hiking, climbing, angling, ice climbing, and snowboarding. Also, there are many national parks available in this territory, and some of them are Ivvavik National Park, Vuntut National Park, and Kluane National Park.
The Mount Logan is the highest mountain present in Canada with the height of 5,959 m and also the second-largest mountain in North America. The territory of Yukon has many rivers within it, and some of them are Yukon river, Peel river, White river, Pelly river, and Stewart river.
The Territory of Yukon experiences a subarctic climate and coastal region has a tundra climate. The summer would be warm, and the temperature will be around 20°C to 23°C. In winter, the weather will be freezing, and the temperature reaches -11°C to -33°C.