Nunavut is the newest and northernmost territory of Canada. Initially, the area was within the Northwest Territories, but later separated into new territory by 1999. The capital city of the Nunavut is Iqaluit. Nunavut population speak English, French, and Inuit languages as their official languages.
Nunavut is the home for the many indigenous populations for many thousand years. Moreover, much archaeological evidence has found within the region of Nunavut. For the living, these indigenous have done hunting and fishing. Martin Frobisher is the first English explorer to enter the Nunavut Territory in the year 1576 and also contacted the Inuit indigenous people.
The current Nunavut Population is about 38,650 individuals. The expected number of individuals at the end of 2019 (Q2) is 39,170. The Nunavut territory ranks 12th in Canada based on the total population. The population density is about 0.02/km2 and has the very lowest population density in the world.
On comparing the past decades, there is a steady rise in the population. The primary reasons are the high birth rate and immigration. Nunavut is the only territory with higher population growth rate than any other territories and province of Canada. A large amount of Nunavut population smoke cigarettes, although it’s injurious to health.
The people of the Nunavut follow the religions of Christianity, Anglicanism Pentecostalism, and Catholicism. The percentage includes Catholic (23.30), Protestant (66.69), Christian Orthodox (0.07), Other Christian (3.13), Muslim (0.09), Jewish (0.04), Buddhist (0.06), Eastern religions (0.22), and Other religions (0.15). Moreover, 6.1 % of people do not pursue any religion.
The total area of the Nunavut Territory is about 2,038,722 km2 in which land covers an area of approximately 1,877,787 km2. Water covers the remaining area of 160,935 km2. Based on the whole region, Nunavut province ranks 1st in Canada. Furthermore, this territory occupies 20.4 % of the country’s land.
Northwest Territories border the eastern side of the Nunavut territory. The Manitoba and Saskatchewan border the southern and southwest part of the region. The Atlantic Ocean border the northern and northeastern part of the Nunavut. Moreover, Nunavut share boundary with Quebec, Manitoba, Ontario, and Greenland.
English, French, and Inuit language are the official languages of the Nunavut. More than 63% of the population speak Inuktitut as their mother tongue. English (37%), French (1.7%), and Inuinnaqtun (1.4%) are the few other commonly spoken languages.
The Economy of the Nunavut is driven by research, mining, fishing, hunting, arts, military, oil, tourism, and transportation. Agnico-Eagle Mines, Meadowbank Gold Mine, and Mary River Iron Ore mine are three significant mines present in the territory of the Nunavut. The primary mined substance are Gold, Copper, Silver, Zinc, Diamonds, Uranium, and Iron ore.
The energy for the territory is primary rely on the diesel and along with other fossil fuels. The government has made many efforts in creating renewable energy without any harmful effects to the environment.
The highest point in the province is Barbeau Peak with a height of 2,616 m. Furthermore, The mountain ranges stretch from the northern part of Ellesmere Island to the Labrador. Moreover, Some notable places are Dragon Cliffs, Barbeau Peak, Graham Island, Kazan Falls on the Kazan River, Resolute Bay, Sirmilik National Park, Kimmirut, and Grise Fiord. Many lakes and rivers are present in Nuvanut and drain either in the Atlantic Ocean or Hudson Bay.
Most of the region in the Nunavut experience the extreme weather. The summer would be warmer, and the temperature will be around 6 °C to 17 °C. The winter will be freezing, and the temperature reaches -27°C to -33°C.