Northwest Territories is the one among three territories of Canada. Based on the total area, it’s the second-largest and most populous territory in the country. The capital of the Northwest Territories is the Yellowknife. Moreover, the largest city and metro are the Yellowknife and Yellowknife metro. As of 2018, the current Northwest Territories population is about 44,445 individuals.
- Population of Northwest Territories
- Area of Northwest Territories
- Climatic Conditions
The First Nation people are the first indigenous people to live in the lands of Northwest Territories. The native Inuit groups are Central nations, Mackenzie, Caribou, and Copper. Later came the Europeans and settled in the region of the Northwest Territories. The first Europeans to visit these lands is Martin Frobisher in the year of 1570s.
By the start of the 18th century, Europeans begin their trading with the indigenous people by the name of Hudson’s Bay Company. The first product to trade between the countries is Fur. Later in the 19th century, the first post for trading build near Tulita at the junction of two rivers.
Franklin Expedition is an important one in search of copper in Northern America. They have searched the various parts of Artic regions from the start of 1819 to 1847. Till the 19th century, there were two trading companies available for trading purpose. But in 1821, Hudson’s Bay and Northwest Companies merged into a single company, and George Simpson led the company as the governor.
The current Northwest Territories Population is 44,445 individuals. The expected number of individuals at the end of 2019 (Q2) is 44,420. Based on the total population, the territory ranks 11th in Canada. The population density is at the rate of 0.04/km2. The top five largely populated centres as of 2011 are Yellowknife (19,234), Hay River (3,606), Inuvik (3,463), Fort Smith (2,093), and Behchoko (1,926).
More than 2 % of the territory population are migrants from other countries. On comparing the last decade, there is a rise in population and internal migration would be the main reason. Furthermore, more than 5 % of Northwest Territories population is visible minorities.
Northwest territories follow the religion of Roman Catholic (46.7%), followed by the United Church of Canada (6.0%), and the Anglican Church of Canada (14.9%). Moreover, 17.4% population does not follow any religion.
The total area of the Northwest Territories is about 1,346,106 km2 in which the land covers 1,183,085 km2. The water covers the remaining area of 163,021 km2. Based on the whole region, Northwest Territories ranks 3rd in Canada and occupy 13.5% of the country’s land.
Yukon and Nunavut border the western and eastern part of the Northwest Territories. British Columbia and Manitoba boundary the southwest and southeast of the territory. Alberta and Saskatchewan border the entire south side of the Northwest Territories.
The official languages spoken by the Northwest territories population are English, French, Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, and Tłı̨chǫ. All government department and universities follow the English language. In case if a person asks documents in any other language which also will be provided in requested language to that person.
Moreover, 78% of the Northwest population speak English as their mother tongue. Few other languages spoken are English (78.30%), Dogrib (3.90%), French (2.90%), South Slavey (1.90%), North Slavey (1.80%), Tagalog (1.80%), Inuinnaqtun (1.10%), Dené (1.10%), Slavey (0.40%), Gwich’in (0.30%), and Cree (0.30%).
The Economy of the Northwest Territories depends on the mining industries (Gold, Silver), Petroleum and Natural Gas. Diamond is one of the famous enterprises in the territory and considered to be the best alternative to the blood diamonds. The biggest Diamond mining companies are the Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton. Furthermore, Northwest Territories has the highest Per capita income than any other province or territory of Canada.
Many lakes and river are present in the Northwest territories, and some of them are Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, and Mackenzie River. The most in-depth water body is Great Slave Lake at the low point of 614 metres. The highest mountain in this territory is Mount Nirvana at the height of 2.773 m. Many small islands surround the Northwest territory, and few of them are Borden Island, Banks Island, Prince Patrick Island, Melville Island, and parts of Victoria Island.
The Northwest Territories experiences different weather from the northern part to the southern region. The southern region has a subarctic climate, and the Northern region has a polar climate. Mostly, the summer is short, and the temperature will be around 14 °C to 17 °C. The winter will be extreme, and the temperature reaches upto -20 °C to -40 °C.