Saskatchewan is westernmost province present in Canada. The region is famous for its freshwater lakes, rivers, and reservoirs. Moreover, It’s the only province without bound of any natural borders. The capital of the Saskatchewan province is Regina. Furthermore, the largest city and metro are Saskatoon and Saskatoon metro.
- Population of Saskatchewan
- Area of Saskatchewan Province
- Climatic Conditions
In the region of Saskatchewan, various types of indigenous groups have lived for many thousand years. Some of the significant tribes are Sarcee, Atsina, Cree, Sioux, and Lakota. These tribes made a living through hunting and fishing.
Later, the Europeans have started exploring the regions of Canada in the 17th century. The first person to enter the Saskatchewan province is Henry Kelsey in the year 1960. By the end of the 18th century, Europeans have made permanent settlements and trading posts in this region. Moreover, the Spanish explorers dominate the southern province of this province.
By Louisiana Purchase in the 19th century, the entire province came in control of the Hudson’s Bay Company. In 1870, all territory owned by Hudson’s Bay Company was acquired by Canada to form a Provincial government. From 20th to 21st significant changes has happened in the Saskatchewan province, which includes several wars, treaties, and variations of government.
The current Saskatchewan population is 1,165,903 individuals. The expected number of people at the end of 2019 (Q2) is 1,169,131. Based on the total population, Saskatchewan province ranks 6th in Canada. The population density is about 1.86/km2. More than 20 percent of the people live in the city of Saskatoon, followed by the capital city, Regina.
One primary reason for the high population is birth rate and immigration. Of the total Saskatchewan population, 10 % of people are immigrants.
The major ethnic group lives in Saskatchewan province is German, Canadian, English, Scottish, Irish, Ukrainian, French, First Nations, Polish, and Norwegian.
The religions followed by the Saskatchewan people are Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, Hinduism, and Judaism. Furthermore, more than 15 percent of the Saskatchewan population does not follow any religions.
The total area of the Saskatchewan province is about 651,900 km2 in which the land occupy about 591,670 km2. The remaining 59,366 km2 area is covered by water. Based on the entire region, Saskatchewan ranks 7th in Canada and hold a 6.5% area of Canada.
Alberta borders the west of the Saskatchewan province. Furthermore, Northwest Territories and Manitoba border the north and east of the region. The United States borders the entire southern part of Saskatchewan.
The official language spoken by the Saskatchewan population is English. Furthermore, 85 % of people speak English as their mother tongue. Few other languages commonly spoken are German (3.0%), Algonquian languages (2.6%), Cree (2.1%), Ojibway (1.7%,) and French (1.7%).
The primary base for the Saskatchewan province economy is Agriculture. However, Agriculture has expanded into fishing, forestry, hunting, and farming, which makes upto 6 % of total GDP. Also, the Saskatchewan is the only province in Canada in the significant production of grains.
The majorly grown crops are Wheat, lentils, barley, peas, and oats. Moreover, It’s the second largest exporter of mustard seed in the world. Other industries which support the increase in GDP is mining, oil, and natural gas.
The primary substance mined are potash and uranium. The oil business is also the largest industry in Saskatchewan province. Moreover, The region ranks 5th in total GDP production of Canada. The GDP production for Saskatchewan in the year 2017 is 79,513 CAD millions.
Boreal Forest and the Prairies are the two natural region type present in Saskatchewan province. The Boreal Forest is present in the northern part and Prairies is present in the southern part. The aspen parkland transition zone separates these two regions. Moreover, dense Boreal forests cover most of the northern region except the area of Athabasca sand dunes.
The southern region also contains sand dunes similar to Athabasca, which is known as the Great Sand Hills. The height mountain present in the Saskatchewan province is Cypress Hills at the height of 1,392 metres. Apart from the forests, rivers, and mountains, there are about 1 lakh lakes present in this province.
Comparing other 13 provinces, Saskatchewan receives higher sunshine in Canada. The summer in this region would be unusually warmer, and sometimes the temperature will reach around 38 °C. The humidity reduces from the northeast region to the southwest region. The winter of the province will be decidedly colder, and temperature will break −17 °C. Chinook winds from the west will influence the climate by changing it to milder.