Quebec is the famous province among the 13 provinces of Canada. Also, It’s the largest province in Canada with a total area of about 1,542,056 km2. The Capital of Quebec is Quebec City. Montreal and Greater Montreal is the largest city and metro present in Quebec. Also, Quebec is known as the second most famous province after Ontario. The Official Language of Quebec is French. More than 94% of people speak the French language, and 47 % of people speak English along with French.
- Population of Quebec
- Area of Quebec Province
- Climatic Conditions
Algonquian, Iroquois, and Inuit are the indigenous people who lived in Quebec before the exploration of the Europeans. These have done hunting and agriculture like growing beans and squash for living. Also, northern region people have made a living by fishing. Some historians even say they have done trade using the fur and Food.
Later the French explorer starting exploring Quebec, finally in the made a province for New France in 1534. Nearing regions also explored for building the trading post.
Later in the Anglo-French War, Quebec was surrounded to the English people in 1629. But, after a few negotiations, the land was returned to the French.
From 17th to 20th century, there were many issues about joining a particular nation. Also, several confederations were created but finally joined with Canada. In 2006, A bill also passed that Quebeckers can form a nation within Canada.
Most of the people live in Urban areas near the Montreal and Quebec City. Comparing Canada’s population, only 24 % of people live in urban regions of Quebec.
Comparing the life expectancy rate, Quebec stands third in the entire 13 provinces of Canada. Men do have the life expectancy age of about 78.6 years, and Women have about 83.2 years of life expectancy.
The types of ethnicity people live in Quebec are Canadiens, French, Irish, Italian, English, first Nation, Scottish, Quebecois, and German. From the total Quebec population, more than 9% of people minorities living near the city of Montreal.
Many numbers of people in Quebec are Roman Catholics, but other religion people are also present at a low rate. Some other religious people present are Muslim, Hindu, Buddist, Sikh, and other Christians. Largest Populated metro-cities in Quebec are the Montreal and the Quebec city.
The Current total area of Quebec is 1,542,056 km2. 1,365,128 km2 of the area is covered by land, and the remaining space is surrounded by water. Population density ranges from 5.98/km2. Quebec stands second based on the total number of people.
Ontario borders Quebec on the western side. Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay borders in the northern side of Quebec. The southern side borders the New Brunswick and the US states. Finally, the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador border the east.
The Official language spoken by the Quebec people is French. According to a survey, more than 78 percent of people speak French in Quebec. Another report says 94% of people can speak French with the mix of other languages. Apart from the French Speakers, more than 47% of people can also speak English.
About 7 percent of the Quebec Population has English as their mother tongue. Besides, 42 % of the population is bilingual, where they speak both French and English. Moreover, Quebec is the only province with a large number of bilinguals. Also, the percent of bilinguals increases from year to year although English is not the official language, its followed by the government officials as per the Constitution Act of 1867.
Quebec has a more advanced and open economy. In the year 2019, the economy rate of Quebec tends to grow at a slower speed on comparing the past quarter years. These are many sectors present in Quebec for increasing GDP. Some essential industries are aerospace, IT, software development, and multimedia.
Quebec has located on the eastern side of Canada, and several beautiful islands surround it. Although Quebec has a larger land area, the population density is thinner or very low. Also, the topography varies from one region to another region, and this may also be the reason for the smaller Quebec population.
The Quebec province is rich in the more significant number of dense forests, lakes, and rivers. Industries around Quebec depend on these forests lands and rivers for the timber and hydroelectricity.
Based on climatic conditions, Quebec is divided into three central regions. The Southern and western Quebec regions have a humid climate, which also faces warm summer and cold winter. The Central area has a very long cold winter and mild summer. Moreover, central Quebec is the freezing region on the eastern side of Canada.
Finally is the northern region of Quebec which has extreme arctic climate and faces very minus temperature in winter. The summer in this area is shorter and more refreshing.