Newfoundland and Labrador are the easternmost provinces in Canada. The capital city of the region is St. John’s. The largest city and metro is St. John’s and St. John’s Metro. The current density of Newfoundland and Labrador population is at 3.6/sq mi.
- Population of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Area of Newfoundland and Labrador Province
- Climatic Conditions
Maritime Archaic peoples were the first indigenous people to live in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador before 7000 years. These made their living through the hunting of sea mammals. Also, the Archaic people have traded the chert to a long distance.
Many archaeological sites in Newfoundland proved the presence of many Aboriginal people. Dorset culture displaced the Maritime Archaic people in the later years. These people can withstand the extreme cold temperature and hunted the sea mammals for food. Some other indigenous groups are Inuit and Innu lived lands of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Another skilled indigenous group is the Mi’kmaq people who lived in the southern shores of Newfoundland and Labrador province. These have taken seafood as food and move inland during winter. Later, the Mi’kmaq has divided into many groups and lived independently in a specific region.
The Europeans made contact with the indigenous people and started trading with them. By the end of the 17th century, French made the permanent settlements for trading purpose as well as for fishing. Numerous war has happened between the British and French for capturing the Newfoundland and Labrador. By the start of the 18th century, Newfoundland came under the control of British and French conceded it. After World war I and II, Newfoundland officially joined with Canada by 1949.
The current Newfoundland and Labrador population is 523,790 individuals. The expected number of people by 2019 (Q2) is 522,537. Based on the total number of individuals, Newfoundland and Labrador rank 9th in Canada. The population density is at the range of 1.39/km2.
The Ethnic groups living in this province are Canadian (53.41%), followed by English (39.39%), Irish (19.73%), Scottish (5.96%), French (5.47%), North American Indian (3.16%), Inuit (1.47%), German (1.24%), and Métis (1.20%).
From the year 1996 to 2006, around 41,840 people have migrated from other parts of the country to the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. These internal migrations have increased the population of the region to a smaller extent.
The total area of the Newfoundland and Labrador is about 405,720 km2 in which the land cover 373,872 km2. Water covers the remaining area of about 31,340 km2. Based on the total province area, Newfoundland and Labrador rank 10th in Canada and have 4.1% of country land area.
Quebec borders the western part of the Newfoundland and Labrador province. The Atlantic Ocean covers the remaining side of the region.
The official language of the Newfoundland and Labrador is English. More than 97 % of people speak English as their mother tongue. Other commonly spoken languages are French (0.38%), Algonquian languages (0.33%), Montagnais–Naskapi (0.32%), Chinese (0.22%), Cantonese (0.04%), Mandarin (0.02%), Spanish (0.13%), and German (0.13%).
For a few decades, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador has faced a hopeless Economy. After the collapse of Cod fishery, the number of the unemployment rate has increased. But after 21 century, the economy has sustained by the service sector of public administration, finance, and healthcare.
Other sectors which support the increase in GDP is the mining industry, manufacturing and Oil. Newfoundland and Labrador have higher GDP income comparing other provinces such as the Saskatchewan and Alberta. The primary mining industries in the Labrador region is the Iron ore mining and nickel mining industries which produce revenue of about 3.3 $ billion as of 2010.
Few other mines such as the Duck Pond has given a substantial amount of gold, silver, zinc, and copper, but as now this mine has closed. Slate and granite quarries produce revenue of 10 $ million each year. Also, more than 15 % of the province GDP depends on the Oil industry. The sea fish industry also contributes a reasonable amount in the growth of Province GDP using Fish Export. The commonly exported seafood are Crab, Cod, Halibut and Shrimps. Other famous industries related to the sea are aquaculture and oyster production, which also benefit by creating employment and GDP.
Agriculture lands present in the region of Newfoundland helps in the production of various farm products. The commonly grown plants are turnips, potato, carrots, and cabbage. Few areas are suited for poultry, which gives eggs and berries plants for wine production.
Newfoundland and Labrador present in the eastern part of Canada. Strait of Belle Isle separated this region into two parts. More than 7,000 islands present around this province. The Labrador region is predominantly made up of the metamorphic ancient type rock. The west coast area of Newfoundland has the long-range of continuous mountains.
Due to the geography, the Newfoundland and Labrador province experience a wide range of climate conditions. Newfoundland area experiences a humid continental climate and highly influenced by the sea. Labrador has two different climatic conditions, the Northern part has a polar tundra climate, and the southern part has a subarctic climate. In summer, the temperature will be around 12°C to 9°C and in winter -1°C to 2°C.