Manitoba is the fifth most populous province in Canada and one among the three prairie provinces. Most Manitoba Population is located around the Winnipeg region. Winnipeg is the capital city of the area and eighth largest populated metro in Canada. The largest city and metro are Winnipeg and Winnipeg capital. Furthermore, English is the official language spoken by the peoples of the province.
- Population of Manitoba
- Area of Manitoba Province
- Climatic Conditions
The first nation people are initially inhabitants of Manitoba province before 10,000 years near the Turtle Mountain. These people traded with other tribes such as the Ojibwe, Cree, Mandan, and Assiniboine. Also, there remains of quartz mining, and farming is present near the Red River.
The first person to explore the central and southern part of Manitoba is Thomas Button in the year 1612. But his travel was unsuccessful in reaching the Hudson. Later, it was the British ship, Nonsuch, to travel and contact the Hudson region. In the later years, the French people also started exploring the red river regions. French sailors then built the trading forts and were the first explorer to trade with the indigenous people. The name of the first trading company in Manitoba is the North West Company.
After a war of seven years, the British people occupied the province from French. Later 19th-century treaties were signed and formed a Federal government. In 1881, the borders of the Manitoba had expanded to a large size.
The current Manitoba population is about 1,356,836. The estimated Manitoba population at Q2 of 2019 is approximately 1,362,789. Based on the total population, Manitoba ranks 5th in Canada. More than 50 percent of the population resides in the Winnipeg Capital Region. The population density ranges by 2.33/km2.
The Ethnic groups present in Manitoba are English, followed by German, Scottish, Ukrainian, Irish, North American Indian, Polish, Métis, French, Dutch, Russian, and Icelandic. The province has a significant volume of the indigenous population, and 20% population recognize their ethnicity as “Canadian.”
The total area of Manitoba is about 649,950 km2 in which land area covers 548,360 km2. The presence of the water area is roughly 101,593 km2. Moreover, the province ranks 8th in Canada based on the total area and covers 6.5% area of Canada.
Ontario borders the eastern side of Manitoba and Saskatchewan borders the western side. Nunavut and Northwest Territories borders the northern side of the province. Finally, The United States of America borders the entire southern region.
The official languages spoken by the Manitoba people are English and French. In 1980, Manitoba Legislature tried to abolish the French language from official status, but the supreme court rejected such proposal. According to a report, 82 % of people are speaking only English language, and 3.2 % speaks only French. In the year 2010, the Manitoba government has passed the Aboriginal Languages Recognition Act, which given official status to the languages of Dakota, Cree, Inuktitut, Dene, Ojibway, Michif, and Oji-Cree.
Based on natural resources, Manitoba has the most robust economy. The economy of the province is highly relying on mining, forestry, tourism, agriculture, energy, and oil. Manitoba ranks 6th in Canada based on the total GDP. The southern region of Manitoba has more substantial farming lands, and about 12 % of Canada’s farming land is in Manitoba. The main farming types are cattle farming, grains, and production of oilseed.
Manitoba province has more than 1 lakh lakes and considered to be a tenth-largest freshwater lake region in the world. Some famous lakes are Lake Winnipeg, Lake Manitoba, and Lake Winnipegosis. Moreover, UNESCO has selected Lake Winnipeg and neighbouring areas as the world heritage site.
The height mountain in Manitoba is the Baldy Mountain at the height of 832 meters. Furthermore, the North region of the province is mostly inhabited and but the southern part is highly populated, which supports agriculture.
Manitoba has a strict continental climate. The temperature of the region decreases from south to north and increases from east to west. Due to the presence of flat areas, the province climate is not influenced by the mountains ranges and water bodies. Moreover, The winter would be freezing due to the Arctic high-pressure air masses. In summer, the temperature will be around 30 °C, which is influenced by air masses.
The southern region of Manitoba experiences wet continental weather. Winter will be windy and cold. The summer will be hot.