British Columbia is one among the 13 provinces, present in the western part of Canada. It is the third most populous province in Canada. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria and ranks 4th in GDP. Vancouver and Metro Vancouver are the largest city and metro in British Columbia. Estimated British Columbia population is about 50 lakh people.
- Population of British Columbia
- Area of British Columbia Province
- Climatic Conditions
Now called British Columbia was resided by the first nation groups. Also, there were more than 200 groups before contact of the non-Aboriginal people. These first nation groups had spoken several indigenous languages which were reduced slowly in the later years. The hunting was the primary source of food for numerous years.
Some significant indigenous groups are the Athapaskan-speaking peoples, and Tlingit lived in the southern part of the province. These groups have encountered numerous diseases after contact with Europeans as indigenous people lack immunity. A massive decline in the indigenous population because of the spread of smallpox near the coast of Victoria in 1862. After a few years, the colonists and first nation people were separated and prevented the contact with one another.
The British has spread their empire in most of lands area and later created the name called British Columbia in the 19th century since the majority of the land is in the form of the colony, which later became part of Canada. British Columbia is the sixth province to join with Canadian Confederation of 1871.
The current population of British Columbia is 5,016,322. The expected province population at the end of 2019 is 5,034,482. British Columbia ranks third in Canada based on the total population. The population density in the province is about 5.02/km2.
The birth rate of British Columbia is at 1.2 births per 1000. The death rate is about 2.3 deaths per 1000. The average life expectancy is 81.12 years.
This province has a mix of the various ethnic group population. The number of Chinese and Indian population has increased since the past decades, although a large number of German ancestry population is living in British Columbia.
One of the reasons for the increase in British Columbia population is due to immigration. The major types of religious people living in British Columbia province are Christianity, Irreligion, Sikhism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism.
The Pacific ocean and Alaska surround the west of British Columbia. Yukon Territory and Alberta border the north and east of the province. California borders the southern side of British Columbia. Although the region has numerous mountains and islands, most are uninhabited.
The Primary language spoken by the people of British Columbia Province is English. Some other language speakers are Punjabi, Cantonese, Mandarin, Tagalog, German, French, Korean, Spanish, and Persian.
British Columbia has a very diverse economy and produces a higher GDP using industries. This province has a milder climate which supports for the outdoor recreation and tourism, but primary economic sources are farming, mining, and resource extraction. Moreover, Vancouver city serves as a significant headquarters for many nature-based industries.
Apart from these industries, forestry-related industries are also playing a massive role in the development of the economy. Finally, British Columbia has the fourth largest GDP production in Canada, and the average GDP per capita is about $45,430. Also, the GDP increases steadily in recent years.
The main island in British Columbia is Vancouver Island, which has Victoria city, the province capital. Most of Vancouver Island is significantly populated except the western region, which is covered by the dense forest.
British Columbia has several beautiful sceneries which promoting the ecotourism in the province for many years. Also, more than 75 percent of the land contains mountains. Most northern regions are mountainous, which result in under development and low population rate. The dry forests and semi-arid valleys cover the coastal areas of the province.
The Coastal region of the province has a very mild and rainy climate in most days of the year. The southern area is influenced by a North Pacific current, which results in a warm environment. The temperature of most regions would be around 12 °C. The winter in the southern part would be shorter and colder.